Tuesday, 29 March 2011

Training Techniques

Training is a learning process that involves the acquisition of knowledge. To effectively achieve that trainer has to follow a certain methodology that would result in making training session not merely getting information by lecturing but having different methods that attract trainees’ minds. Training techniques can be used to fulfill this purpose and this is will be the subject of this post. There are different types of techniques can be used, the following are believed to be the most common ones:
  •           Lecture

This method is the most common one that is used in almost all training sessions where the trainer stands and lecture attendees about a certain subject. It is a good way to elaborate since it saves time and trainer can discuss more points in shorter time, but it should be well prepared. In this technique, trainer must have some training skills on delivering speech in an effective way. Besides that, the ability to influence others to enable them to understand. This technique does not mean that the trainer is the only one who talks during the session but he/she has to involve others to talk as well. Lecturing starts with an introduction about the session  and followed by explanation about the subject with the use of multimedia resources for easier understanding. Trainer has to summarize all the points of the session at the end and give trainees time to discuss among each other. However, this technique may have some disadvantages since it relies on the trainer’s ability to deliver ideas besides trainees may lose their interest to listen trainer’s long talk.
  •      Group discussions

This technique is based on grouping the participants into small teams then asks them to discuss certain point. Group discussion is a good way of generating ideas and motivating participants to express their own ideas and enhance them to be creative. However, the trainer has to be specific in explaining the subject of discussion and ensure that teams work for the allocated time only. In addition, the trainer has to ensure that all team members are participating in the discussion.
  •           Role Play

This is a practical technique conducted by trainees to play a certain role related to the session. People are easier to grab ideas that are based on visual shows such as videos. Therefore, this technique works well to clarify a point to be understood by trainees easily. It also a great deal attracts the participants’ attention and creates an environment that is full of fun. Moreover, it develops the ability of participants to discuss and react to express their feelings to others. This technique is more suitable for a session that whose goal targets developing behavioral skills.
  •            Brain storming

This technique is used for the sake of generating more ideas among the teams where a trainer introduces a problem to trainees and ask them to solve it using their own ideas. In this case, trainer has to encourage the participants to develop their own ideas and not other ideas, besides that every member has to participate and share their knowledge. This technique requires trainer’s high skills and medium size groups of participants.
  •           Social drama

This is a special technique in behavioral and practical training. But, it requires loads of preparations and works prior to its conduct besides having experience in acting. However, it has a lot of advantages for training sessions that is proper for all ages, it solves a problem or an issue in practical way, exciting for trainees, and live show for trainees.


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